The share prices of gun and ammunition companies often rise after mass shootings, with investors anticipating a spike in sales ahead of calls for stricter gun laws. But on Wednesday, the morning after a deadly shooting at an elementary school in Uvalde, Texas, premarket prices for major gun stocks were mixed, with Smith & Wesson up 1.5 percent, Sturm Ruger up 1 percent and Vista Outdoor down 1 percent.

Gun makers’ shares have generally risen since President Biden’s election, as they typically do under Democratic administrations, when tougher gun control measures get more attention. On Tuesday, Mr. Biden declared that it was “time to turn this pain into action” and Democratic lawmakers cleared the way to force votes on legislation that would strengthen background checks for gun purchasers, which have previously been blocked by Republicans.

Gun sales rose sharply during the pandemic, setting new monthly records as some feared that the outbreak could lead to civil unrest. That wasn’t necessarily a boon for some firearms companies, with Remington filing for bankruptcy in mid-2020 for a second time in two years, struggling to service its debt and pay hefty legal fees. In February, the families of nine Sandy Hook school shooting victims settled a lawsuit for $73 million with Remington, which made the AR-15-style rifle used in the 2012 massacre. It was one of the largest and most significant settlements to date, as federal immunity for gunmakers provides a strong shield from litigation.

Gun control advocates recently petitioned the Federal Trade Commission to investigate and regulate the firearms industry as it has for tobacco, alleging deceptive advertising practices. The state of New Jersey is pursuing a lawsuit against Smith & Wesson for the way it markets its products, seeking the release of internal documents.

The rise of “socially responsible” investing has put a spotlight on gun makers, which are often excluded from these portfolios. After Remington’s latest bankruptcy, some of its assets were acquired by Vista Outdoor, which this month announced that it would split in two, separating the ammunition business from its camping, sports and outdoor equipment operations in the name of “enhanced strategic focus.”

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