Good morning. We’re covering a school shooting in Texas, Russia’s narrowed focus in Ukraine’s east and diplomacy in Africa.
A deadly school shooting in Texas
Nineteen children and two teachers were killed on Tuesday in a single classroom at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas. Officers fatally shot the 18-year-old gunman at the scene. Here are live updates.
The gunman also wounded several more children. Before entering the school, he shot his grandmother.
Authorities have identified all the victims. Amerie Jo Garza, 10, was “a jokester, always smiling,” her father said. Eva Mireles, a teacher, “loved those children,” her neighbor said.
Background: The massacre is the second-deadliest school shooting on record in the U.S., only surpassed by the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Conn., where a gunman killed 20 children and six teachers a decade ago. “I guess it’s something in society we know will happen again, over and over,” a Sandy Hook father said.
National context: The massacre amplified an anguished debate over firearms legislation and the nation’s stupefying record of gun violence. Before the pandemic, the U.S. had more guns than citizens, and the pace of gun buying has risen. So has the toll of gun violence, especially on children.
International context: After the Christchurch massacre, which left 51 people dead in 2019, New Zealand banned most semiautomatic weapons and launched a buyback scheme to get thousands of guns out of circulation. The U.S.’s unique commitment to protecting guns has roots in the backlash to the Civil Rights Movement, Amanda Taub writes in The Interpreter, our sister newsletter.
Russia narrows its focus in the east
Once, Moscow thought it would roll through Ukraine in a matter of days. Now, as the fourth month of the invasion dawns, Russia has concentrated its firepower and shortened supply lines to a 75-mile-wide sliver of land in the Donbas. It is making incremental gains. Here are live updates.
Sievierodonetsk, the easternmost city still under Ukrainian control, is Russia’s main target. Russian forces are approaching from three sides, at least six people have died and Ukrainian officials fear a repeat of the siege tactics used in Mariupol. “Sievierodonetsk is barely alive,” the head of the regional military administration said.
Analysis: Military analysts and Western intelligence officials believe that Russian forces would face brutal urban combat if they tried to fully capture Sievierodonetsk, and that they would struggle to mount an offensive deeper inside Ukraine.
Taiwan: The Biden administration accelerated its efforts to reshape Taiwan’s defense systems, using lessons from Ukraine in how to fend off a larger military. On Wednesday, China’s Army described organizing combat drills in the sea and airspace around Taiwan.
Germany, Ukraine and Africa
Senegal and South Africa were among 16 African countries that abstained from a U.N. vote to condemn Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. These abstentions have caused diplomatic tensions between Africa, Europe and the U.S., which Olaf Scholz tried to repair on his first trip to Africa since becoming the German chancellor.
As he tried to steer conversations toward questions of energy independence, Scholz saw firsthand the reluctance of some African countries to join the West in confronting Russia. The neutrality “could have far-reaching consequences for diplomacy and aid and assistance,” said Liesl Louw-Vaudran, a senior researcher at the Institute for Security Studies, an African think tank.
Senegal: Germany is working to wean itself off Russian gas; Senegal is preparing to develop renewable energy and it recently discovered offshore gas deposits. But President Macky Sall, the chairman of the African Union, put forth a both-sides diplomacy in a joint news conference with Scholz in Dakar, announcing that he would travel to both Moscow and Kyiv on an upcoming trip.
South Africa: Scholz and President Cyril Ramaphosa met with business leaders at the headquarters of the country’s main fuel supplier. Ramaphosa defended his unwillingness to impose sanctions on Russia and called for dialogue between Ukraine and Moscow.
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ARTS AND IDEAS
Love in the stars
Right now, mercury is in retrograde. If that sentence means something to you, you may be suited to the constellation of popular apps that use astrology to map meaning onto relationships. Among them: Ilios, a new dating app that matches users based on their supposed astrological compatibility.
At a recent launch event with college students, interest in the app generally fell along gender lines, Madeleine Aggeler reports. Most of the men knew their zodiac signs but felt indifferent. “I think for a week in seventh grade I was like, ‘Whoa, that’s so me,’” said Luke Anderson, 21, a Pisces. “And then I was like, ‘Oh wait, no, I don’t care.’”
Women tended to appreciate the concept more. “It’s basically like a weird statistic,” said Lexi Brooks, a 23-year-old Aries. — Sanam Yar